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More than 100 books summary

Welcome to this website of book summaries in English, where you will find a great variety of poem books, stories, Science fiction, and more… We have a great variety of books with the most complete summary of all the websites.

SummaryBook.online is a project that offers summaries of books and in which any user can contribute! You will find summaries and notes of the most popular books, analyzed chapter by chapter, exploration of the main and minor characters, themes, analysis, reviews, quotes and symbologies.

You can also find some details about the author, genre, language, its indicative price and a picture of the cover.
The objective of Summary Book is not to give a summary that avoids reading the entire text or book, but to give readers information that helps them choose a good reading and / or facilitate their understanding.

The books make up a large and diverse number of works, novels, stories, etc., within this unique and incredible web platform, you will be able to discover and learn everything related to book summaries, characteristics and medium. We have more than 100 summary of books with a wide variety of genre.

Books summaries by categories

This is our official book summaries listed, filter and order by category.

Adventure novelAutobiographyDetective novelDetective storyFantasyFantasy novelFictionFiction MysteryFiction novelFiction short storyFiction taleFuturistHistorical FictionHistorical novelHistoryLearning novelLiteraryLove storyMystery fictionNovelPeoplePhilosophical NovelPoemPolice historyRealistic novelRomanceRomance novelSatireScience fictionSelf helpSpiritualityStoriesStory

This is our official complete books summaries list order by book’s name and author.

Books summaries by author

Below we show you a list of authors of whom we have summaries of their books.

How to write a summary of a book

One of the main steps to summarize a text is to read it as many times as necessary. However, we cannot strictly follow this rule when summarizing a book. The previous steps that we follow before starting to write will be essential to make the process of summarizing a book agile and fast.

  1. ¿When and where? During reading, it is important to identify where and when the story happens.
  2. ¿Who are the main characters? In addition to the protagonists there will also be less important characters. During reading, you should pay attention to details such as the age and personality of each, and how the characters are related.
  3. ¿What is the knot and outcome? In each story there will be a problem and a solution.
  4. Make an outline with the ideas you have underlined above. This step to summarize a book and make summaries of stories will be very useful when separating the main ideas from the secondary ones and to get a better idea of the order that you have to take when you summarize.

Once we have followed these tips for summarizing books, it is time to start writing the summary of a book. If you don’t know how to summarize correctly, it is always a good idea to inform yourself well before writing.

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.litespeed-btn-success:hover,.litespeed-btn-success:hover {border-color:#36b0b0;background:#36b0b0;color:#fff;}.litespeed-wrap .button-primary {background:#528ac6;border-color:#538ac6 #2264ad #2264ad;color:#fff;box-shadow:0 1px 0 #2264ad;text-shadow:0 -1px 1px #2264ad,1px 0 1px #2264ad,0 1px 1px #2264ad,-1px 0 1px #2264ad;}.litespeed-wrap .button-primary:focus,.litespeed-wrap .button-primary:hover {background:#5891ce;border-color:#2264ad;color:#fff;}.litespeed-wrap .button-primary:hover {box-shadow:0 1px 0 #2264ad;}.litespeed-wrap .button-primary:focus {background:#5891ce;border-color:#2264ad;color:#fff;box-shadow:0 1px 0 #0073aa,0 0 2px 1px #33b3db;}.litespeed .litespeed-btn-primary,.litespeed-wrap .litespeed-btn-primary,.litespeed-btn-primary {color:#538ac6;border:1px solid #538ac6;-moz-box-shadow:0 0 0 1px rgba(83, 138, 198, 0.25);-webkit-box-shadow:0 0 0 1px rgba(83, 138, 198, 0.25);box-shadow:0 0 0 1px rgba(83, 138, 198, 0.25);}.litespeed .litespeed-btn-primary:hover,.litespeed-wrap .litespeed-btn-primary:hover,.litespeed-btn-primary:hover {background:#538ac6;border-color:#538ac6;color:#fff;}.litespeed-wrap .button:not(.litespeed-btn-large) .dashicons {position:relative;top:0.125em;}.litespeed-wrap .button:not(:first-child) {margin-left:5px;}.litespeed-wrap .button + .button {margin-left:10px;}.litespeed-info-button {color:#c8c8c8;padding:0;-webkit-appearance:none;border:none;background:none;vertical-align:middle;line-height:inherit;text-decoration:none;}.litespeed-info-button .dashicons {font-size:16px;vertical-align:middle;}.litespeed-btn-pie {-webkit-appearance:none;background:none;border:none;border-radius:0;box-shadow:none;padding:0;margin:0;top:-0.125em;}.litespeed-wrap .litespeed-btn-tiny {padding:2px 8px;line-height:1.5;height:auto;}.litespeed-wrap .litespeed-btn-mini {padding:0 8px 1px;font-size:12px;font-weight:600;margin:5px 0;}.litespeed-wrap .litespeed-btn-mini .dashicons.dashicons-image-rotate {padding-top:3px;font-size:18px;}.litespeed-wrap .litespeed-btn-mini .dashicons {padding-top:2px;}.litespeed-wrap .litespeed-btn-large {font-size:1.5em;padding:0.75em 1.5em;margin:0 0.25em;height:auto;}.litespeed-wrap .litespeed-btn-large .dashicons {font-size:1.25em;width:auto;}.litespeed-switch {font-size:14px;font-weight:600;margin:0 0 0;display:inline-flex;position:relative;}.litespeed-switch input:checked:active + label {box-shadow:0 2px 0 rgba(27, 146, 146, 0.7),inset 0 2px 5px -3px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5);}.litespeed-switch input:checked + label {background-color:#36b0b0;color:#fff;border:1px solid #36b0b0;box-shadow:0 2px 0 #1b9292;z-index:2;text-shadow:0 -1px 1px #1b9292,1px 0 1px #1b9292,0 1px 1px #1b9292,-1px 0 1px #1b9292;}.litespeed-switch label {font-size:14px;display:inline-block;min-width:72px;background-color:#f9fafc;font-weight:400;text-align:center;padding:6px 12px 5px 12px;cursor:pointer;border:1px solid #ccc;border-bottom:none;box-shadow:0 2px 0 #ccc;position:relative;}.litespeed-switch label:not(:last-child) {margin-right:-1px;}.litespeed-switch label:last-child {border-top-right-radius:3px;border-bottom-right-radius:3px;}.litespeed-switch label:first-of-type {border-top-left-radius:3px;border-bottom-left-radius:3px;}.litespeed-switch input:hover + label {border-color:#1a9292;box-shadow:0 2px 0 #1a9292;z-index:2;color:#117171;}.litespeed-switch input:focus + label {color:#117171;box-shadow:0 0px 0px 2px rgba(28, 138, 128, 0.85);border-color:transparent;z-index:2;}.litespeed-switch input:focus + label + input + input:hover + label,.litespeed-switch input:focus + label + input:hover + label {z-index:1;}.litespeed-switch input:active + label {box-shadow:0 2px 0 #1b9292,inset 0 2px 5px -3px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5);}.litespeed-switch input:checked:hover + label,.litespeed-switch input:checked:focus + label {background-color:#36b0b0;color:#fff;}.litespeed-switch input {display:inline-block;position:absolute;z-index:-1;margin:0;}.litespeed-cache-purgeby-text {margin:0;display:inline-block;}.litespeed-toggle-stack {display:flex;flex-direction:column;}.litespeed-toggle-stack .litespeed-toggle-wrapper {justify-content:space-between;}.litespeed-toggle-wrapper {display:flex;align-items:center;}.litespeed-toggle-wrapper + .litespeed-toggle-wrapper {margin-top:0.75rem;}.litespeed-toggle {position:relative;overflow:hidden;min-width:58px;height:21px;}.litespeed-toggle-group {position:absolute;width:200%;top:0;bottom:0;left:0;transition:left 0.35s;-webkit-transition:left 0.35s;-moz-user-select:none;-webkit-user-select:none;}.litespeed-toggle-on {position:absolute;top:0;bottom:0;left:0;right:50%;margin:0;border:0;border-radius:0;}.litespeed-toggle-on.litespeed-toggle-btn {padding-right:24px;}.litespeed-toggle-off.litespeed-toggle-btn {padding-left:24px;}.litespeed-toggle-handle {position:relative;margin:0 auto;padding-top:0px;padding-bottom:0px;height:100%;width:0px;border-width:0 1px;}.litespeed-toggle-off {position:absolute;top:0;bottom:0;left:50%;right:0;margin:0;border:0;border-radius:0;}.litespeed-toggleoff .litespeed-toggle-group {left:-100%;}.litespeed-toggle-btn {display:inline-block;padding:5px 10px;margin-bottom:0;font-size:14px;font-weight:400;line-height:1.42857143;text-align:center;white-space:nowrap;vertical-align:middle;cursor:pointer;-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none;background-image:none;border:1px solid transparent;border-radius:4px;}.litespeed-toggle-btn-primary {color:#fff;background-color:#36b0b0;border-color:#36b0b0;}.litespeed-toggle-btn-default {color:#333;background-color:#fff;border-color:#ccc;}.litespeed-toggle-btn-success:hover,.litespeed-toggle-btn-success:focus,.litespeed-toggle-btn-success:active,.litespeed-toggle-btn-success.litespeed-toggle-active 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0;background:#f9f9f9;border-top:none;border-bottom:none;border-right:none;}.litespeed-tick-wrapper {margin-left:-5px;}.litespeed-tick {display:inline-block;background:#f2f9ff;padding:5px 0 5px 0px;border-radius:3px;cursor:pointer;margin:5px 5px 5px 0;}.litespeed-tick-list .litespeed-tick {display:block;margin-bottom:3px;margin-top:0;background:none;}.litespeed-tick-list .litespeed-tick input[type='checkbox'] {margin-left:0;}.litespeed-tick-list .litespeed-tick label {color:inherit;}.litespeed-tick input[type='checkbox'] {height:18px;width:18px;vertical-align:middle;margin:0 10px;-webkit-appearance:none;-moz-appearance:none;appearance:none;-webkit-border-radius:3px;border-radius:3px;cursor:pointer;}.litespeed-tick input[type='checkbox']:not(:disabled):hover {border-color:#538ac6;}.litespeed-tick input[type='checkbox']:active:not(:disabled) {border-color:#538ac6;}.litespeed-tick input[type='checkbox']:focus {outline:none;}.litespeed-tick input[type='checkbox']:checked 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{position:absolute;left:0;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;background-color:#333;z-index:999;opacity:0.8;text-align:center;font-size:3rem;color:#1865c5;}.litespeed-ent-notice-desc {position:relative;top:30%;transform:rotate(-20deg);text-shadow:2px 2px 4px #000000;}.litespeed-banner-promo,.litespeed-banner-promo-full {display:flex;padding:0px;}.litespeed-banner-promo-full {margin:0px;padding:0px;}.litespeed-banner-promo-logo {background-image:url(../img/lscwp-logo_90x90.png);background-size:contain;width:90px;background-repeat:no-repeat;display:inline-block;}.litespeed-banner-promo-full .litespeed-banner-promo-logo {margin:0px;width:90px;height:90px;}.litespeed-banner-promo-content {margin-left:25px;}.litespeed-banner-promo-full .litespeed-banner-promo-content {width:75%;}.litespeed-banner-promo-content h1 {font-weight:600;color:#538ac6;margin-top:10px;}.litespeed-banner-title {font-size:1.3em;margin:8px 0px 5px 0px;}.litespeed-banner-promo-slacklogo 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.button {margin-right:1.5rem;}.litespeed-tweet-preview {border-radius:5px;line-height:1.3125;box-shadow:1px 1px 0.5em rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3);margin:0.5em 1em 1em 0;padding:1em;max-width:480px;display:flex;}.litespeed-tweet-preview:after {content:'';display:block;clear:both;}.litespeed-tweet-preview p:first-child {margin-top:0;}.litespeed-tweet-preview-title {color:#777;margin-top:0.9em;font-weight:normal;font-size:12px;margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0.9em;}.litespeed-tweet-text {font:14px system-ui,-apple-system,BlinkMacSystemFont,'Segoe UI',Roboto,Ubuntu,'Helvetica Neue',sans-serif;line-height:1.3125;}.litespeed-tweet-cta {text-align:right;margin-top:1em;}.litespeed-tweet-cta a {background-color:#1da1f2;line-height:1.3125;color:#fff;font-weight:bold;display:inline-flex;padding:0.55em 1em;font-size:14px;border-radius:99em;text-decoration:none;}.litespeed-tweet-cta a:hover {background-color:#1e98e1;}.litespeed-tweet-cta a svg {width:16px;height:18px;margin-right:0.5em;}.litespeed-tweet-cta a svg path {fill:currentColor;}.litespeed-tweet-img {width:calc(240px + 1rem);padding-right:1rem;box-sizing:border-box;}.litespeed-tweet-img img {max-width:100%;vertical-align:middle;}.litespeed-tweet-img + p {margin-top:0;}.litespeed-media-href {display:inline-table;}[class*='litespeed-icon-media-'] {background-size:contain;width:25px;height:25px;vertical-align:middle;margin:0;background-repeat:no-repeat;display:inline-block;}[class*='litespeed-icon-media-']:hover {opacity:0.7;}.litespeed-icon-media-webp {background-image:url('../img/icons/img_webp.svg');}.litespeed-icon-media-webp-disabled {background-image:url('../img/icons/img_webp_disabled.svg');}.litespeed-icon-media-optm {background-image:url('../img/icons/img_optm.svg');}.litespeed-icon-media-optm-disabled {background-image:url('../img/icons/img_optm_disabled.svg');}p.litespeed-media-p {margin-bottom:1px !important;}p.litespeed-txt-webp {color:#83b04a;}p.litespeed-txt-ori {color:#5967b3;}p.litespeed-txt-disabled {color:#ced2d9;}.litespeed-media-svg {vertical-align:middle;margin:5px;width:25px;height:auto;}@keyframes litespeed-circle-chart-fill {to {stroke-dasharray:0 100;}}.litespeed-pie {vertical-align:middle;margin:5px 5px 5px 0;}circle.litespeed-pie_bg {stroke:#efefef;stroke-width:2;fill:none;}circle.litespeed-pie_circle {animation:litespeed-circle-chart-fill 2s reverse;transform:rotate(-90deg);transform-origin:center;animation:litespeed-pie-fill 2s reverse;stroke:#28a745;stroke-width:2;stroke-linecap:round;fill:none;}.litespeed-pie.litespeed-pie-tiny {margin:0 2px 0 0;}.litespeed-pie.litespeed-pie-tiny text {font-weight:bold;fill:#828282;}.litespeed-pie.litespeed-pie-tiny circle {stroke-linecap:initial;}.litespeed-pie-tiny circle.litespeed-pie_bg,.litespeed-pie-tiny circle.litespeed-pie_circle {stroke-width:3;}.litespeed-pie-tiny circle.litespeed-pie_bg {stroke:#eee;}.litespeed-pie-success circle.litespeed-pie_circle {stroke:#28a745;}.litespeed-pie-warning circle.litespeed-pie_circle {stroke:#e67700;}.litespeed-pie-danger circle.litespeed-pie_circle {stroke:#c7221f;}g.litespeed-pie_info text {dominant-baseline:central;text-anchor:middle;font-size:11px;}.litespeed-promo-score g.litespeed-pie_info text {font-size:14px;font-weight:600;}.litespeed-pie-success g.litespeed-pie_info text {fill:#28a745;}.litespeed-pie-warning g.litespeed-pie_info text {fill:#e67700;}.litespeed-pie-danger g.litespeed-pie_info text {fill:#c7221f;}g.litespeed-pie_info .litespeed-pie-done {fill:#28a745;font-size:15px;}[data-litespeed-cdn-mapping]:first-child [data-litespeed-cdn-mapping-del] {display:none;}.litespeed-cdn-mapping-col1 {padding-right:2rem;max-width:35%;}.litespeed-cdn-mapping-col1 .litespeed-input-long {width:100%;}.litespeed-cdn-mapping-col2 {padding-top:0.25rem;}.litespeed-cdn-mapping-col1 label {position:relative;}[data-litespeed-cdn-mapping-del] {position:absolute;right:-6px;top:-6px;}.litespeed-crawler-curr {vertical-align:middle;height:20px;margin-left:10px;}#cookie_crawler > p:first-child {margin-top:5px;}.litespeed-progress-bar {display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;color:#fff;text-align:center;background-color:#007bff;transition:width 0.6s ease;}.litespeed-progress-bar-yellow {background-color:#fbe100;}.litespeed-progress {display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;height:12px;overflow:hidden;font-size:0.75rem;background-color:#e9ecef;border:1px solid #dddddd;border-radius:8px;width:75%;margin:5em 1em 1.5em 1em !important;}.litespeed-modal {margin-top:-8px;}.litespeed-modal .litespeed-progress {margin-left:-8px;margin-right:-8px;}.litespeed-guide {border:1px solid #73b38d;max-width:50%;padding:20px;}.litespeed-guide h2 {color:#73b38d;border-bottom:1px solid #73b38d;display:table;padding-right:50px;padding-left:3px;padding-bottom:3px;}.litespeed-guide li {font-size:15px;line-height:30px;margin:10px 10px 10px 16px;}.litespeed-guide li.litespeed-guide-done:before {content:'\2713';font-size:26px;color:#73b38d;margin-left:-37px;margin-right:18px;opacity:1;}.litespeed-guide li.litespeed-guide-done {opacity:0.9;}.litespeed-image-optim-summary-wrapper {padding:0;}.litespeed-cache_page_litespeed-img_optm .nav-tab-wrapper {border-bottom:none;position:relative;z-index:2;}.litespeed-cache_page_litespeed-img_optm .litespeed-body {box-shadow:none;border:none;background:none;padding:0;}.litespeed-cache_page_litespeed-img_optm [data-litespeed-layout]:not([data-litespeed-layout='summary']) {background:#fff;border:1px solid #e5e5e5;box-shadow:0 1px 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.04);padding:1px 20px 20px 20px;}.litespeed-column-secondary {background:#f9fafc;}.litespeed-column-with-boxes > div:first-child {padding-right:25px;}.litespeed-column-with-boxes > div:last-child {background:#f1f1f1;padding-top:0;padding-right:0;padding-left:0;}.litespeed-column-with-boxes > div:last-child .litespeed-postbox:last-child {margin-bottom:0;}.litespeed-image-optim-summary {box-shadow:0 1px 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.04);position:relative;padding:1px 20px 20px 20px;background:#fff;border:1px solid #e5e5e5;}.litespeed-image-optim-summary-footer {border-top:1px solid #efefef;background:#f9f9f9;padding:20px;margin:20px -20px -20px;}.litespeed-help-btn-icon {text-decoration:none;margin-left:10px;color:#c8c8c8;}.litespeed-postbox-imgopt-info .litespeed-flex-container {align-items:center;}.litespeed-postbox-imgopt-info .litespeed-flex-container:not(:last-child) {margin-bottom:0.65em;}.litespeed-postbox-imgopt-info .litespeed-flex-container p:first-child {margin-top:0;}.litespeed-image-optim-summary > h3:first-child {margin-top:1.6em;font-size:1.2em;}.litespeed-image-optim-summary > h3:first-child .litespeed-quic-icon {width:1.2em;height:1.4em;background-size:contain;margin-right:0.2rem;}.litespeed-img-optim-actions {margin-top:1.65em;display:flex;align-items:flex-end;}.litespeed-img-optim-actions .button-primary {font-size:1.2em;margin-right:1em;padding:0.35em 0.85em;min-width:210px;text-align:center;}@media screen and (max-width:1079px) {.litespeed-postbox-imgopt-info svg {height:50px;width:50px;}}@media screen and (max-width:814px) {.litespeed-column-with-boxes > div:first-child {padding-right:0;margin-bottom:1rem;}}.imgoptm.column-imgoptm a[data-balloon-pos] {border-bottom:1px dashed;}.imgoptm.column-imgoptm p {margin-bottom:0.25em;margin-top:0;}.imgoptm.column-imgoptm p + .row-actions {margin-top:0.5em;}.fixed .column-lqip {width:6rem;}.litespeed-media-lqip img {max-width:62px;max-height:62px;}.litespeed-media-href {font-size:12px;}.litespeed-log-view-wrapper {margin:1.5em 0;}.litespeed-dashboard-group {margin-bottom:1rem;}.litespeed-dashboard-group > .litespeed-flex-container {margin:0 -10px;min-width:100%;width:auto;}.litespeed-dashboard .litespeed-postbox {margin:10px;}.litespeed-dashboard-title a {text-decoration:none;margin-left:0.25rem;}.litespeed-dashboard-header {display:flex;align-items:center;}.litespeed-dashboard-header:first-child {margin-top:1.5rem;}.litespeed-dashboard-header hr {align-self:center;flex-grow:1;margin-left:15px;margin-right:15px;}.litespeed-dashboard-header hr:last-child {margin-right:0;}.litespeed-dashboard-header .litespeed-learn-more {font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;margin-top:-2px;color:#5e7380;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats h3 {text-transform:uppercase;font-size:12px;font-weight:normal;margin-bottom:0;margin-top:1.2em;color:#777;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats h3 + p {margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats .litespeed-desc {color:#777;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats p strong {font-size:2em;font-weight:normal;margin-right:5px;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats-wrapper {display:flex;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats-wrapper .litespeed-postbox {margin:0;min-width:20%;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats-wrapper .litespeed-postbox .inside .litespeed-title,.litespeed-dashboard-group .litespeed-postbox .inside .litespeed-title {font-size:14px;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats-wrapper .litespeed-postbox:not(:last-child) {margin-right:-1px;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats-wrapper .litespeed-postbox:not(:first-child) {border-left-color:#f9f9f9;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats-wrapper .litespeed-dashboard-stats p strong {font-size:1.4rem;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats-wrapper .litespeed-pie {width:60px;height:60px;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats-wrapper .litespeed-flex-container + p:not(:last-child) {margin-bottom:0.55em;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats-payg {color:#777;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats-payg strong {color:#444;}.postbox .inside > p.litespeed-dashboard-stats-payg {margin-top:1.35em;}.postbox .inside > p.litespeed-dashboard-stats-payg:last-child {margin-bottom:-5px !important;}.litespeed-postbox p.litespeed-dashboard-stats-total {padding:0.75em 20px 0 20px;border-top:1px dashed #eee;margin-top:0.55em;margin-left:-20px;margin-right:-20px;margin-bottom:-0.55em !important;}.litespeed-postbox.litespeed-postbox-partner .inside {margin:11px 0;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats-wrapper .litespeed-postbox.litespeed-postbox-partner h3.litespeed-title {color:#777;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;}.litespeed-postbox.litespeed-postbox-partner a {font-size:1.35rem;font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;margin-top:5px;max-width:100%;display:inline-block;}.litespeed-postbox.litespeed-postbox-partner a:hover {text-decoration:underline;}.litespeed-postbox.litespeed-postbox-partner img {max-width:12rem;}.litespeed-dashboard-group .litespeed-postbox {width:calc(25% - 20px);display:flex;flex-direction:column;justify-content:space-between;}.litespeed-dashboard-group .litespeed-postbox-double {min-width:calc(50% - 20px);display:flex;justify-content:space-between;}.litespeed-postbox-double-content {display:flex;align-items:flex-start;justify-content:space-between;}.litespeed-postbox-double-content .litespeed-postbox-double-col {width:50%;}.litespeed-postbox-double-content .litespeed-postbox-double-col:nth-child(2) {padding-left:10px;}.litespeed-dashboard-group hr {margin:1.5rem 0 0.75rem 0;}.litespeed-postbox .litespeed-postbox-refresh {text-decoration:none;color:#36b0b0;line-height:1;vertical-align:top;margin-left:0.5rem;margin-bottom:0;}.litespeed-postbox .litespeed-postbox-refresh.button .dashicons {font-size:22px;top:0.05em;}.litespeed-postbox p:last-child {margin-bottom:0;}.litespeed-label-dashboard {font-size:0.92em;padding:0.3em 0.6em 0.35em 0.6em;font-weight:normal;display:inline-block;margin-left:0.2em;min-width:2em;}.litespeed-label-dashboard:first-child {margin-left:0;margin-right:0.35em;}.litespeed-postbox .inside {padding:0 20px 5px;}.litespeed-postbox .inside .litespeed-title {margin:0 -20px 12px -20px;padding:0px 20px 7px 20px;border-bottom:1px solid #eee;font-size:1.2em;}.litespeed-postbox .inside.litespeed-postbox-footer {border-top:1px solid #efefef;background:#f9f9f9;padding:20px;margin-bottom:0px;margin-top:0;}.litespeed-postbox-footer a,a.litespeed-redetect {text-decoration:none;}.litespeed-postbox .inside.litespeed-postbox-footer--compact {padding:7px 20px 8px 20px;font-size:12px;}.litespeed-postbox-imgopt .litespeed-pie {width:55px;height:55px;}.litespeed-postbox-imgopt .litespeed-flex-container {align-items:center;margin-bottom:10px;}.litespeed-postbox-imgopt .litespeed-flex-container .litespeed-icon-vertical-middle + div h3 {margin-top:0;}.litespeed-postbox-imgopt .litespeed-flex-container .litespeed-icon-vertical-middle + div p {line-height:1.2;}.litespeed-postbox-imgopt .litespeed-postbox-double-col:last-child > *:first-child {margin-top:7px;}.litespeed-postbox-pagespeed p:first-child {margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;}.litespeed-postbox-score-improve {line-height:45px;margin-top:7px;font-size:42px;}.litespeed-postbox-pagespeed .litespeed-padding-space:first-child {padding-left:5px;padding-right:5px;}.litespeed-link-with-icon {text-decoration:underline;margin-right:0.25em;}.litespeed-link-with-icon .dashicons {vertical-align:baseline;position:relative;top:0.1em;font-size:1em;text-decoration:none;width:auto;margin-right:0.5em;}.litespeed-link-with-icon.litespeed-icon-right .dashicons {margin-left:0.5em;margin-right:0;}.litespeed-links-group:not(:last-child) {margin-bottom:1em;}.litespeed-links-group > span:not(:last-child):after {content:'|';margin:0 10px;color:#ddd;font-size:13px;}.litespeed-wrap p.litespeed-qc-dashboard-link {margin-left:1rem;}.litespeed-right.litespeed-qc-dashboard-link .dashicons {margin-left:0.5em;margin-right:0;}.litespeed-score-col {flex-grow:1;padding-right:15px;}.litespeed-score-col .litespeed-text-md {font-size:1.35rem;}.litespeed-score-col.litespeed-score-col--imp {text-align:right;padding-right:0;}.litespeed-score-col--imp .litespeed-text-jumbo {line-height:1;}.litespeed-wrap span[data-balloon-pos] {border-bottom:1px dashed;}.litespeed-wrap span[aria-label][data-balloon-pos] {cursor:default;}@media screen and (max-width:1400px) and (min-width:1024px) {.litespeed-dashboard-stats-wrapper .litespeed-postbox {flex-grow:1;}.litespeed-postbox .inside {padding:0 15px 5px;}.litespeed-dashboard-group .litespeed-postbox {width:calc(33.3333% - 20px);}.litespeed-dashboard-group .litespeed-postbox-double {min-width:calc(66.6666% - 20px);}}@media screen and (max-width:1023px) {.litespeed-dashboard-stats-wrapper {flex-wrap:wrap;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats-wrapper .litespeed-postbox:not(:first-child) {border-left-color:#ccd0d4;}.litespeed-dashboard-stats-wrapper .litespeed-postbox {margin-top:-1px;min-width:calc(33.3333% - 1px);}.litespeed-postbox .inside {padding:0 15px 5px;}.litespeed-dashboard-group .litespeed-postbox {width:calc(50% - 20px);}.litespeed-dashboard-group .litespeed-postbox-double {min-width:calc(100% - 20px);}}@media screen and (max-width:719px) and (min-width:480px) {.litespeed-dashboard-stats-wrapper .litespeed-postbox {margin-top:-1px;min-width:calc(50% - 2px);}}@media screen and (max-width:569px) {.litespeed-dashboard-stats-wrapper .litespeed-postbox {min-width:100%;}.litespeed-dashboard-group .litespeed-postbox {width:100%;}.litespeed-postbox-double-content .litespeed-postbox-double-col {width:100%;}.litespeed-postbox-double-content {flex-wrap:wrap;}}.litespeed-column-java {background:#5cadad !important;}.litespeed-text-shipgrey {color:#535342 !important;}.litespeed-text-dimgray {color:#666666 !important;}.litespeed-text-grey {color:#999999 !important;}.litespeed-text-whisper {color:#e6e6e6 !important;}.litespeed-text-malibu {color:#5cbdde !important;}.litespeed-text-morningglory {color:#99cccc !important;}.litespeed-text-fern {color:#66cc66 !important;}.litespeed-text-persiangreen {color:#009999 !important;}.litespeed-text-lead {font-size:16px;}.litespeed-text-small {font-size:12px;line-height:14px;}.litespeed-text-thin {font-weight:100;}.litespeed-contrast {color:white;}.litespeed-hr-dotted {border:1px dotted #eeeeee;}.litespeed-hr {padding-bottom:1.5em;border-bottom:0.5px solid #97caca;}.litespeed-hr-with-space {border-top:1px solid #eeeeee;margin:2em 0;border-bottom:none;}.litespeed-icon-vertical-middle {vertical-align:middle;display:inline-block;margin:0px 10px 0px 10px;}.litespeed-column-java .litespeed-danger {color:#c1c53a !important;}.litespeed-column-java .litespeed-desc {color:#bfbfbf;}.litespeed-column-java code {color:#c2f5bf;background-color:#238888;}.litespeed-column-java .litespeed-title {color:white;}.litespeed-width-7-10 .litespeed-progress {margin:1em;}.litespeed-refresh:after {content:'⟳';width:20px;height:20px;color:#40ad3a;}.litespeed-column-java .litespeed-refresh:after {color:#23ec17;}.litespeed-refresh:hover:after,.litespeed-refresh:focus:after,.litespeed-refresh:focus:active:after {color:#7ffbfb;}.litespeed-width-3-10 .litespeed-title {margin:18px 0;}.litespeed-silence {color:#b1b1b1;}.litespeed-column-java .litespeed-congratulate {color:#c2f5bf;font-size:20px;}.litespeed-light-code .litespeed-silence code {background-color:#f0f5fb;}.litespeed-column-java .litespeed-btn-danger {color:#f194a8;border-color:#f194a8;}.litespeed-column-java .litespeed-btn-danger:hover {background:#f194a8;}.litespeed-column-java svg.litespeed-pie circle.litespeed-pie_bg {stroke:#e8efe7;}.litespeed-column-java svg.litespeed-pie circle.litespeed-pie_circle {stroke:#97caca;}.litespeed-column-java svg .litespeed-pie_info text {fill:#f5ffeb;}.litespeed-column-java svg g.litespeed-pie_info .litespeed-pie-done {fill:#a5ffa0;}.litespeed-column-java a {color:#eaf8ff;}.litespeed-column-java a:hover {color:#ffffff;}.litespeed-progress-bar-blue {background-color:#33adff;}.litespeed-status-current {font-size:3.5em;margin:1.25em 0em 0.75em 0em;}.litespeed-column-java .litespeed-desc {color:#cae4e4;}.litespeed-column-java .litespeed-warning {color:#ffd597 !important;}.litespeed-column-java .litespeed-btn-success {color:#ddf1e4;border:1px solid #33ad5c;background:#33ad5c;}.litespeed-column-java .litespeed-btn-success:hover {color:#ffffff;border:1px solid #7dca97;background:#009933;}.litespeed-column-java .litespeed-btn-warning {color:#fff1dd;border:1px solid #ff9933;background-color:#ff9933;}.litespeed-column-java .litespeed-btn-warning:hover {color:#ffffff;border-color:#ffca7d;background:#ff9900;}.litespeed-column-java .litespeed-btn-danger {color:#ffeadd !important;border:1px solid #ff6600 !important;background:#ff5c5c;}.litespeed-column-java .litespeed-btn-danger:hover {color:#ffffff;border:1px solid #ff9797 !important;background:#ff0000;}.litespeed-column-java .litepseed-dash-icon-success,.litepseed-dash-icon-success {color:#5cdede;font-size:2em;margin-top:-0.25em;}.litespeed-column-java .litepseed-dash-icon-success:hover,.litepseed-dash-icon-success:hover {color:#7de5e5;}.litespeed-dashicons-large {font-size:2em;}.litespeed-column-java p {color:#ffffff;}.litespeed-body tbody > tr > th.litespeed-padding-left {padding-left:3em;}.litespeed-txt-small {font-size:12px;}.litespeed-txt-disabled .litespeed-text-dimgray {color:#aaaaaa;}.litespeed-txt-disabled svg {fill:#aaaaaa;}.litespeed-txt-disabled circle.litespeed-pie_circle {stroke:#cccccc;}.litespeed-txt-disabled g.litespeed-pie_info text {color:#cccccc;}a.litespeed-media-href svg:hover {border-radius:50%;background:#f1fcff;fill:#5ccad7;box-shadow:0 0 5px 1px #7dd5df;transition:all 0.2s ease-out;transform:scale(1.05);}.litespeed-media-p a .dashicons-trash {font-size:2.25em;vertical-align:middle;display:inline;border-radius:50%;line-height:1.5em;}.litespeed-media-p a .dashicons-trash:hover {transition:all 0.2s ease-out;color:#ffa500 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Summary Book

Baudolino – Umberto Eco

Baudolino of Italian philosopher Umberto Eco. The story follows the eponymous protagonist, Baudolino, as he travels through a mythical version of 12th century medieval Christian Europe.

The novel references many real historical figures and events, interpreting them through this mythical lens to expose the fantasies and anxieties that motivated and undermined medieval Europeans as they attempted to survive continued political and economic instability. The novel is classified as a historical novel and a speculative work of fiction.

Contents

Summary and Synopsis

Baudolino begins in 1204. Baudolino (short for Baudolino of Alessandria) ventures into Constantinople, unaware of its recent developments: the city has been devastated in the course of the Fourth Crusade.

Meet the Byzantine Greek officer Niketas Choniates and save his life. Niketas is impressed by Baudolino’s almost supernatural mastery of many languages, several of which he has never heard. He asks Baudolino how he knows so many languages ​​and demands to know if he is part of the crusade. In response, Baudolino tells him the whole story of his life.

It begins with the year 1155 when he was a peasant boy in Italy. Due to his ingenuity and many talents, he was noticed and adopted by Emperor Frederick I. Who ensured that Baudolino received the best possible education and physical training. He was especially interested in the rich war history of northern Italy and then traveled to Paris to become an academic.

Once there, he befriended a number of famous and eccentric figures, including Robert de Boron, the archipelago, Abdul and Kyot, who reportedly wrote the medieval romance poem Parzival. When he found out about Prester John, who was said to have founded a mystical kingdom, he decided to spend his life looking for him.

The novel then goes back to the beginning of 12th century Europe. During this time, Emperor Frederick fought to quell the uprisings in northern Italy. Baudolino stepped in and proved himself to be a master mediator between the Italian Empire and its rebellious nation states. He orchestrated a peace between the Emperor and Allesandria, whose leader was his own biological father.

The emperor agreed to give independence to the city in exchange for their cooperation. Emperor Frederick died during the Third Crusade. The narrator alleges that he did not die in a river, as the historical record says; rather, he died in the middle of the night under mysterious circumstances during a stay on the property of an Armenian nobleman. Baudolino uncovered the mystery but never confirmed which (if any) of his suspects killed the Emperor.

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After Emperor Frederick’s death, Baudolino finally began his journey to find the Kingdom of Prester John. The odyssey lasted fifteen years. Baudolino traveled through Asia, finding many mythological scenes, which are not related to geographical Asia.

Along the way, he encountered mythical creatures, including unicorns, Blemmyes, pygmies, and skiapods, as well as eunuchs. This section draws heavily on medieval bestiaries, incorporating modern philosophy and comedy to convey ambivalence about the task of accurately depicting the medieval theme or its history.

Baudolino finally found the Kingdom of Prester John. However, ultimately, the White Huns destroyed it. The Old Man of the Mountain enslaved Baudolino and his companions for years. They then traveled back to Constantinople and encountered the Fourth Crusade in its most brutal phase.

At the end of the novel, Niketas Choniates tells Baudolino that Emperor Frederick died in a strange accident. Baudolino ends without a clear resolution of the endless struggles of Italy and the violence of the Crusades; At the same time, it suggests that this period is impossible to accurately historicize.

Genre: Speculative fiction

Speculative fiction is a literary “super genre,” encompassing several different genres of fiction, each with speculative elements that are based on conjecture and do not exist in the real world. Sometimes called “what if” books, speculative literature changes the laws of what is real or possible as we know them in our current society, and then speculates on the outcome.

Characters

Main

  • Baudolino: young man from Alessandria, protagonist, apparently a reference to the patron saint.
  • The Gavagai Monopod: A Reference to Quine’s Example of Indeterminacy in Translation.
  • Deacon John: Leper Deputy Ruler of Pndapetzim, apparently based on Baldwin IV of Jerusalem.


Secondary

  • Gagliaudo Aulari: Legendary savior of Alessandria, and his wife, biological parents of Baudolino.
  • Blemmyes: It was rumored that they were several species of mythical headless men, in ancient times and later, they inhabited remote parts of the world according to legend.
  • Niketas Choniates: He was a Greek Byzantine government official and historian, like his brother Michael Akominatos, whom he accompanied to Constantinople from his birthplace, Chonae. Nicetas wrote a history of the Eastern Roman Empire from 1118 to 1207.
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Analysis

The novel is extremely powerful in raising the questions of what is true and what is not in history and in our view of the past. It suggests that we cannot always trust historians, and we certainly do not always trust verbal reports of what has happened in the past

The theme of lying takes many forms. A very complex example is the poetry that Baudolino writes. He wrote poems to his great love in life, Frederick’s wife, but never sent them. Then he wrote responses that she supposedly wrote about the poems, and even does it with a letter writing as he imagined would be the letter of his beloved.

Eventually he has a friend, the poet, who is actually a horrible poet, but Baudolino by lies gets him a job with a bishop as a poet-in-residence, and Baudolino writes all of his poetry for him.

Therefore, the lies in these two cases are of a different type. The first is a kind of simulated correspondence that never happened, and in the second, what is a lie is simply the authorship of the poems themselves.

Another wonderful twist on the subject of truth and lies is that Baudolino once invented some academic book titles from well-known people and recommended them to a friend who lives in a monastery with a good library. Of course, the books can’t be found, so the librarians are blamed for not having them.

Baudolino is sure that the librarians, to get out of trouble, would write them and then enter the canon of literature. Therefore, it raises the whole question of the reliability of the claimed authorship of famous literary, theological, and scientific texts. Eco simply plays around with many forms of lying, especially lying in recorded history.